Like an airplane’s jet engine, a rocket creates thrust by expelling mass to take advantage of Sir Isaac Newton’s third law (see above). In both systems, combustion increases the temperature of gas in the engine, whereupon it expands and rushes out through a nozzle. The vehicle is accelerated in the opposite direction.
Then, can a rocket go faster than its exhaust speed explain?
Yes, the rocket speed can exceed the exhaust speed of the gases it ejects. The thrust of the rocket does not depend on the relative speeds of the gases and rocket, it simply depends on conservation of momentum.
Beside above, when rocket moves upward its acceleration?
When the rocket initial moves due to the fuel the force acting on it are more than that of the gravity due to which it has net force in the upward direction which provides it an acceleration in the upward direction. As the fuels run out it will have only one force that is gravity.
Why are rockets launched to the east direction?
Solution: Earth rotates eastward on its axis hence if the rocket is launched in the eastward direction it will get another big boost from the earth’s rotational motion.
While aircraft launched vehicles tend to launch horizontally, they quickly turn toward the vertical shortly after launch so as to quickly gain altitude. As mentioned above, structural integrity is the other key reason rockets are launched vertically. Some small rockets are launched at non-vertical angle.
When the pitch over is executed the vehicle begins its downrange acceleration phase; engine thrust affects this phase as well. Higher thrust allows for a faster acceleration to orbital velocity as well. By reducing this time the rocket can level off sooner; further reducing gravity drag losses.
In flight, the fins of the rocket produce aerodynamic forces. These forces are applied at the center of pressure of the rocket which is some distance from the rocket cg and produce torques (or moments) about the principal axes. The torques cause the rocket to rotate.
Rockets have to tilt to the side as they travel into the sky in order to reach orbit, or a circular path of motion around the Earth. This steering technique is known as a gravity turn, which uses Earth’s gravity to help conserve rocket fuel and minimize stress and strain on the spacecraft.